Recall that Mauss concludes the first chapter thus,
‘. . . exchange-through-gift is the rule there [Polynesia]. Yet it would be merely pure scholasticism to dwell on this theme of the law if it were only Maori, or at the most Polynesian. Let us shit the emphasis of the subject. We can show, at least as regards the obligation to reciprocate, that it has a completely different sphere of application. We shall likewise point out the extension and prove that this interpretation is valid for several other societies’ (The Gift, p. 18).